All the countries are linked and largely dependent on Europe, both economically and culturally. Most countries are making steady strides in education and literacy. Primary education is widespread, and literacy rates are improving.
A 25% unemployment rate is the highest of any region in the world. The small upper and middle classes often prosper amid widespread chronic poverty. Corruption is a huge challenge. Despite significant outside investment to develop infrastructure, the high levels of private and government corruption choke economic flourishing. This hardship leads to great disillusionment and anger among the young, especially the university educated who have few opportunities.
Libya and Mauritania struggle the most. The political and economic situation in Libya is only gradually stabilizing following the removal of Gaddafi in 2011. Poverty continues to be a massive challenge for Mauritania. The country is mostly desert, and there are few natural resources.
Republished from Prayercast